Getting engaged is perhaps one of the most remarkable, yet also one of the most nerve racking moments of any person’s life. The pressure can be enormous and with so many factors that need to come together before uttering the words “Will you marry me?”, choosing an engagement ring can be tricky. But have no fear, because getting it right is easy, as long as you know all about the four C’s (Clarity, Cut, Color and Carat weight)! Today’s blog will focus on one of the most character-defining of the four C’s: the Cut.
When deciding on the perfect cut for your diamond, the biggest misconception is thinking that cut refers simply to the shape of the diamond, such as round, heart, oval, marquise etc. While this is technically correct, the Cut actually refers to a diamond’s ability to interact with light. Let us explain.
A diamond’s proportions affects the way it reacts to light, meaning if a diamond has a perfect cut, it will allow light to enter and exit in a way that delivers that unique sparkle. GIA must calculate and categorize a diamond’s proportions in order to determine its ability to deliver that gorgeous shine. We call this cut, and a diamond’s cut grade can range anywhere from Excellent to Poor. So what makes a diamond excellent?
The deciding factor usually lies within the structure of the diamond itself.
The most important material to study when deciding on the right diamond cut for you, is learning all about diamond anatomy. A diamond is made up of 6 major parts: The Table, Crown, Girdle, Pavilion, Culet and its Depth. To give you a better idea of why these factors are so important, we will give you an example.The pavilion, for instance, is the distance from the bottom half of the diamond to the very tip (the culet). A pavilion depth that’s too short or too long may result in light escaping from the sides and therefore that particular diamond will not receive a perfect cut grade. A perfect diamond will direct more light through the crown (the top half of the diamond) rather than the bottom half.
A diamond’s craftsmanship is also to be taken into consideration when designating cut grade. Characteristics such as diamond weight, durability (based on thickness), symmetry and of course polish, are all factors that must be thoroughly tested. These are measured by determining Brightness, Fire and Scintillation which refers to how much light is reflected by a diamond, the scattering of that light into all seven colors of the rainbow and the amount of sparkle, or shine, it produces; in corresponding order. A diamond’s ability to perform all three, proves that it is truly excellent.
We hope that this information makes the diamond selection process a lot let stressful for you, however, if you still can’t seem to put your finger on it, remember, there are still THREE more C’s to take into account! Join us throughout the next couple of blogs to learn all about Color, Clarity and Carat Weight and make sure you get that happily ever after you’ve been searching for.